Original Name : Tosa
Type : Molossoid
Other Names : Tosa, Ken
Male size : At least 23½ inches
Female size : At least 21½ inches
Degree of grooming :
Countries of origin : Japan
Unflappable and patient, Tosas are bold, venturesome and courageous dogs that exude the powerful elegance of the sumo of their native land.
Typically molossoid, with rather well defined stop and broad skull.
High withers, level, straight back, broad, muscular loins, slightly arched croup at the top.
Red, fawn, apricot, black and brindle.
Relatively small, rather thin, set high on the side of the skull, hanging against the cheeks.
Thick at the root, tapering to the tip, reaching the hock when let down.
Short, hard and dense.
Japan has a long tradition of dog fighting and Tosas were produced for that purpose as a cross between Shikoku-Kens and a succession of western breeds – Bulldogs (1872), Mastiffs (1874), German Pointers (1876) and Great Danes (1924) – each adding something extra to the mix. Some claim that Saint Bernards and Bull Terriers were also used. They take their name from Tosa province, present-day Kochi prefecture. Tosasa are lauded for their hardiness and their fighting instincts, typical Mastiff qualities. Very dignified and of robust build, Tosas are characterized by drop ears, a short coat, a squared-off muzzle, and a hanging tail that is thick at the root.
Tosas are venerated in their homeland, due to their history and their physical and behavioral qualities. In Japan, Tosas are regarded as the sumos of the canine world.