Original Name : Leonberger
Type : Molossoid
Male size : 28½-31½ inches, ideally 30 inches
Female size : 25½-29½ inches, ideally 27½ inches
Degree of grooming :
Countries of origin : Germany
As befits their original status as a working dog, Leonberger are vigorous, powerful, muscular dogs that nevertheless exude great elegance, due to their perfect proportions and dignified disposition. Males are particularly imposing and beefy.
Generally higher than it is broad, and elongated rather than stocky.
Pronounced withers, especially in males, solid, straight, broad back, broad, powerful, muscular loins.
All shades of lion yellow (light fawn), red fawn, dark fawn (reddish brown), sandy (pale yellow, cream) with black mask.
Set high and not too far back, pendant, medium-sized, fleshy, hanging against the cheeks.
Very well furnished, hanging straight at rest, slightly curved during movement.
Medium soft to coarse, good length, close fitting, never parted.
Born in 1846, the first dogs to be named Leonbergers combined all the outstanding qualities of the breeds they were descended from. It would not be long before these highly symbolic dogs found homes outside their home town. By the end of the 19th century they were used as farm dogs in Baden-Württemberg, where their guarding and drafting abilities were much appreciated. The breed suffered greatly during the two world wars and the deprecations of the post WWII world, causing their numbers to fall sharply. Nowadays, Leonbergers are much loved companion and family dogs that are well suited to modern life. Neither fearful nor aggressive, these cool, docile animals have a special affection for children.
In the late 1830’s-early 1840’s Heinrich Essig from Leonberg near Stuttgart, southwest Germany, crossed a black and white Newfoundland (Landseer) with a male Saint Bernard. It is said that Essig’s aim was to create a dog resembling the lion on Leonberg’s coat of arms.