Original Name : Kavkazkaya Ovcharka
Type : Molossoid
Other Names : Caucasian, Mountain, Dog
Male size : At least 25½ inches
Female size : At least 24½ inches
Degree of grooming :
Countries of origin : Russian Federation
Caucasian Ovcharkas are dogs of above-average size and robust, even coarse constitution. They are naturally aggressive and distrustful of strangers, true to their reputation as fierce protectors.Generally undemanding, Caucasian Ovcharkas have great stamina and are able to adapt to varied climates and temperatures, which means they can be used in most parts of the former Russian and Soviet empire.
Massive, broad skull and very well developed zygomatic arches. Broad, flat forehead, split in two by a light furrow.
A little longer than it is high.
Gray bands with varied shades, typically light and tending toward ginger, straw, white, reddish brown, brindle and even piebald and scattered with patches.
Hanging, set high, traditionally cropped.
Set high, hanging, reaching the hock.
Straight, coarse, with well developed undercoat of light hair.
Caucasian Ovcharkas are primarily found in the independent countries Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, the Russian republics of Kabardino-Balkaria, Dagestan and Kalmykia, the steppe of the northern Caucasus and around Astrakhan.In the South Caucasus the dogs are bulkier, while they are more lightweight, higher on their feet and often short-haired in the Steppes.They combine a great deal of nervous energy with a character typified by strength, balance and calm, as well as an aggressive disposition and natural distrust of strangers. They have very well developed active defense instincts.
There are three varieties of hair, based on the region of origin: The long-haired variety has a longer topcoat. The hair forms a ruff on the neck, fringes and culottes on the back of the legs. The thick coat covers the whole of the tail, making it look thick and bushy.The short-haired variety is covered with a coat of thick, relatively short hairs, without ruff, fringes, culottes or feathering on the tail.The intermediate type is long-haired but without ruff, fringes, culottes or feathering on the tail.